Neolithic Revolution Essay
910 Words4 Pages
Prior to living in homes build to with stand the test of time, growing food their food source, and raising animals, humans were nomads who followed their food source around and were hunters and gathers. Although it took many years, from 8000B.C. to 3000B.C. for humans to go from hunters and gathers to a more common day life as we now know it, the result is referred to as the Neolithic Revolution the begins of human civilization. As the people of this time began to settle down and they began to both farm the land and domesticate animals for the better of the community. Along with the development of these communities as for the first time began to create social class among the many different roles they played in their community. Because…show more content…
Due to the domestication of animals along with plants these nomadic people created steady food source no longer requiring them to follow their food but raise it themselves (Author 2010). The wheel was not created until the Bronze age, therefore animals were not used for farming, put they provide other resources to humans (Authors 2007). Much like today they used the wool from sheep for clothing, other animals such as goats where used for meat and even milk. During the Neolithic Revolution, the first wolves were domesticated as pups to help with herding once grown (Authors 20071). Other animals they domesticated are pigs and cattle. Because of their ever-growing knowledge of farming, they also would use the manure of the animals as fertilizer in the fields to richen the soil for the crops (Authors 2007).
Alongside becoming farmers and herders, the first forms of government and social roles began to develop. Due to the ever threat of flooding, from the riverbanks where they first settled, organization was needed in order to be prepared. Thus, corporation among villagers was needed to prevent cataclysm and total devastation council of elders were formed to maintain the safety of their community (Watkins 2003). In doing so they first ranks of social class were formed according to each person’s role in the community. The priests and
The Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Era can be compared and contrasted in various ways, but the Paleolithic Era paved the way for the Neolithic Era. Among the various ways both Neolithic Era and Paleolithic Era are alike and different, one had hunter-gathers society (Paleolithic Era) and settled societies (Neolithic Era).
In the Paleolithic Era humans lived in a nomadic lifestyle where there was a few people in a cave. They relied on hunting, fishing, and gathering wild fruits. The Neolithic Era humans discovered agriculture which gave them the opportunity to settle in one specific area. The humans had it lucky because they were able to settle in fertile areas which were good for growing various amounts of crops like rice.
Paleolithic Era nobody had control over their property. In that era anybody could just take your belongings such as land or tools. The Neolithic Era they had developed control and ownership of their property such livestock and land.
One similarity between Neolithic and Paleolithic Era was the clothing humans wore. The clothing they wore was animal skins.
The tools in both Eras used were similar, but different at the same time. Both Neolithic Era and Paleolithic Era the humans used stone. Humans in the Neolithic era tools were better because a lot more tools were invented.
Humans in the Neolithic Era had a shorter life expectancy than humans in the Paleolithic Era. Paleolithic Era humans were much taller than humans in the Neolithic Era.
Despite the similarities and differences of Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Era they both conclude to our everyday life because if it was not for the Old Stone Age there would not have had a New Stone Age.