Romanticism In Music Essay

Romanticism Period Music Essay

Romanticism was a period of freedom and expression. The movement started in the early 1700s and died down in the mid 1880s. It originated in Germany and England then spread to other European countries. Some of the romanticism periods' goals were to oppose rationalism and social conventions. People discovered the natural beauty of things and the natural man. People had a great interest in mystical, medieval and oriental themes. Music was a huge change during this time period with all of the different composers who started writing more passionate and compelling music.

During the time period art, literature, and music was moving into a whole new direction of emotion. Composers were using their innermost deep thoughts and putting them into their masterpieces. Love was a very strong topic for composing but so wasn't hate or negative feelings. A lot of composers took interest in art and literature for their music. Some of them wrote about the planets, far away lands, dreams, fairytales, the supernatural, and magic. Beethoven, Schubert, Berlioz, Liszt, Wagner, and Chopin were all famous composers of the romantic music time period. Beethoven is probably the most recognizable out of all of them yet wasn't as much a romantic musician but more of a classical composer. Still some of Beethoven's finest work can instill a dreamy atmosphere when listened to which is the main concept of romantic period music.

During the romanticism time period the size of the orchestra changed dramatically. The tuba was added to the brass section, and most brass instruments were given valves for more flexibility in the pitch. The valves added a lot more brass instruments to the orchestra making it much larger. The composers wrote pieces for woodwind instruments with multiple parts. Also the piccolo, the bass clarinet, and the double bassoon were added. With such a large orchestra the string section was increased in size to balance out the sounds. With the new improvements people could now write their music with a whole new sound, combining instruments that never had been combined before, new piano pieces, and large extravagant compositions. Most of the large pieces were done by, Wagner, Berlioz, Mahler, and Strauss. The composers of the romantic period were looking for a way to combine the harmony of Haydn and Mozart with their own musical scales. This came to the invention of the chromatic scale. It was considered any musical scale that had more than one subsequent half-step note.

There were many improvements to the piano in the 19th century. There were more notes added, there was a metal frame instead of a wooden one, and this increased the piano's note range and also the new piano received a richer sound. The sustaining pedal, which is one of the pedals near the floor on the piano, started to be used more in piano pieces. Composers wrote sonatas for one instrument or a soloist accompanying one instrument. They also wrote short songs such as the waltz,...

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Essay about Music of the Romantic Period

1057 Words5 Pages

Ludwig van Beethoven, the famous German born composer and pianist, composed the Romance in F major in 1798. It was likely first performed in that year, but was not published until 1805 in Vienna. It was originally written for violin and orchestra but the edition being performed today was transcribed and edited for saxophone and piano by Peter Saiano. During this period of his life, Beethoven was still known as perhaps the greatest pianist in existence and he was busy touring Europe as a performer. He had not yet achieved the status he now holds as a composer, and during this period he was also working on his first set of string quartets.

Romance in F major contains several technical passages for the saxophonist that include lengthy…show more content…

Debussy received payment to compose the piece by the American saxophonist Elise Hall in 1901. Two years later Debussy received another commission from his publisher for the piece but he had still not finished it. By this time Hall was anxiously inquiring about the unfinished piece while Debussy's wife waited for him to join her for a vacation in the countryside. Debussy shortly after finished the majority of the work but chose to never release the work to Hall or his publisher. It was only after his death that his second wife gave the score to a friend of Debussy's who finally finished the work and published it in 1919. Rapsodie for Saxophone remains an important work for saxophonists as it is one of the earliest compositions specifically for the instrument by a major composer.

Noyes, James R. 2007. Debussy's Rapsode pour orchestre et saxophone Revisited. Musical Quarterly 90, no. 3-4 (Fall - Winter). (accessed February 6, 2011).

Wright, Craig, and Bryan Simms. 2006. Music in Western Civilization. Belmont: Thomson Schirmer.

Jacques Ibert, a French composer of the early twentieth century, lived around the same time as Milhaud and the rest of “The French Six” but was not a member of the group. Ibert composed music in a variety of genres including a good deal of music for early film. He traveled frequently between France and Italy conducting his own

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